Dating is quite common, it is common all over the middle-east, and Syria arguably is the most progressive socially. Premarital relationships do exist as well, it is.
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As in many Arabic countries, religion is an integral part of the culture and daily life. The word "Islam" means "submission to God. The foundation of Islamic belief is called the Five Pillars. It is speculated, although not certain, that Alawite Muslims do not observe the holy month of Ramadan or make a pilgrimage to Mecca as other Muslims do and celebrate some Christian holidays. The practices of the Druze are also somewhat mysterious.
A smaller group known as the Ismailis recognizes a living person, the Aga Khan, as their sacred leader. The mystical branch of Islam called sufi, has a small presence in Syria, although the government sees this sect as subversive and disapproves of its practice.
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Sufi rituals involve chanting and dancing while moving in a circular formation. Despite the powerful influence of Islam in people's lives, some elements of folk religion persist.
Dating in Syria by Heather Mackay on Prezi
Particularly in rural areas, there is a strong belief in the evil eye as well as in jinn spirits. There is also a tradition of local saints to whom people pray. There are no priests or clergy in Islam. Instead, there are people with the job of leading prayers and reading from the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book. The Qur'an, rather than a religious leader, is considered the ultimate authority and holds the answer to any question or dilemma one might have.
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There are also muezzins who give the call to prayer and are scholars of the Qur'an and spend their lives studying and interpreting the text. Rituals and Holy Places. The most important observation in the Islamic calendar is Ramadan. This month of fasting is followed by the joyous feast of Eid al Fitr, during which families visit and exchange gifts.
Eid al-Adha commemorates the end of Muhammod's Hajj. The mosque is the Muslim house of worship. Outside the door, there are washing facilities, as cleanliness is a prerequisite to prayer, demonstrating humility before God. One also must remove one's shoes before entering the mosque. According to Islamic tradition, women are not allowed inside. The interior has no altar; it is simply an open carpeted space.
Because Muslims are supposed to pray facing Mecca, there is a small niche carved into the wall that points to the direction in which that city lies. Death and the Afterlife. A death is followed by three days of mourning during which friends, relatives, People walk around the bazaar in Damascus. The marketplace is the focal point of every Syrian city. Female relatives of the deceased wear black for several months to up to one year or more after the death.
Widows generally do not remarry and often dress in mourning for the rest of their lives. There are private medical practices, in addition to the free medical care provided by the state. The health care system is poor but improving. Infectious diseases are a major health threat, especially in rural areas, where water quality is poor and sewage disposal systems are not well developed. There is a high child mortality rate that is due mainly to measles and digestive and respiratory diseases. Support for the Arts. The Ministry of Culture and National Guidance promotes the national culture.
Most publishing houses are owned by the state, and writers tend to be government employees. Censorship is enforced strictly, and foreign books about politics and contemporary Syrian or Middle Eastern history are banned. The National Film Centre, established in , oversees the production of most films. There is a long literary tradition that dates back to poets such as al-Mutanabbi in the s and al-Maarri in the s.
Writers must contend with government censorship, but fiction writing is not as tightly monitored as is nonfiction. Whereas the punishment for breaking laws concerning nonfiction is usually imprisonment, fiction writers generally are reprimanded. Perhaps for this reason, poetry and the short story are widely read and appreciated, represented by writers such as Nizar Qabbani, Shawqi Baghdadi, and 'Ali Ahmad Sa'id.
There are few women in the ranks of well-known Arab writers, but one of them is Ghada al-Samman, who was born in She writes on many of the same issues as her male contemporaries, including cultural identity and the clash between tradition and progress as well as issues specific to being a woman and writer in a male dominated society. Islam forbids the artistic depiction of animals or human beings. Therefore, Syrian art until World War I consisted mainly of geometric designs in arabesque and calligraphy.
These works can be seen in many palaces and mosques. After World War I, Western drawing techniques began to be taught, and fine arts was introduced as a discipline at the University of Damascus. Most sculpture is carved in white marble and often is displayed in palaces and public buildings. There is a lively tradition of handicraft production. Jewelry, particularly in gold and silver, is popular, as is other metalwork, such as brass and copper plates and bowls.
These items traditionally were produced by Syrian Jews, and as their population has diminished, so has this art form. Mosaic woodworking is also practiced and is used in the construction of boxes, trays, tables, desks, and game boards. Damascus is a center of glassblowing and fabric production, including the silk brocade called damask, which was named for the city. The Bedouins are known for their weaving of fabrics, including carpets and prayer rugs made on hand-built looms, and traditional clothing that is painstakingly embroidered.
Films have been produced in Syria since the s. Musicals and light comedies were popular through the late s. During the s, film clubs were important in the resistance to the government, and for this reason they were shut down in Syria has spawned several internationally regarded filmmakers, including Omar Amirallay and Usama Muhammed, but their films, which deal with social issues, have been banned in the country, or ignored by distribution companies.
Memorizing and reciting from the Qur'an and from secular poetry is a popular form of entertainment. There is a rich tradition of storytelling that dates back thousands of years. Even today there are coffee shops where men go to drink tea and hear nightly installments of an ongoing saga recited by a professional storyteller. Arabic music is tied to the storytelling tradition and often recounts tales of love, honor, and family.
Technically, it is repetitive and subtle. It uses quarter notes with small jumps in the scale. Classical Arabic music makes use of the oud, an ancient stringed instrument similar to the lute; small drums held in the lap; and flutes. Contemporary music is played by an orchestra that mainly uses European instruments with a lead singer and chorus. Damascus has a museum for agriculture and one for military history.
Aleppo and other important sites have museums of archaeology.
The main challenge in the area of the sciences is that most Syrians study abroad, and many do not return to Syria to work. A Historical and Archaeological Guide, Beattie, Andrew, and Timothy Pepper. The Rough Guide, Sinai, Anne, and Allen Pollack, eds. The Syrian Arab Republic, Communist Movement in Syria and Lebanon, Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria, Guide to Syria, www. A Country Study, www.
Syria—The Cradle of Civilizations, www. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space The focal point of any Middle Eastern city is the souk, or marketplace, a labyrinthine space of alleys, stalls, and tiny shops that also include ancient mosques and shrines.
Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. The basic unit of currency is the pound. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Social Welfare and Change Programs The government strictly enforces price controls on basic items as well as rent control laws, that help low-income people get by. Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Socialization Child Rearing and Education. Etiquette Men and women socialize separately except on occasions when the whole family is involved. People walk around the bazaar in Damascus. Medicine and Health Care There are private medical practices, in addition to the free medical care provided by the state.
Women in Syria
The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences Damascus has a museum for agriculture and one for military history. Take a Trip to Syria, Syria and the New World Order, Web Sites Destination Syria, www.
Please check for accuracy. These information about Syria gave me more details and made me more to know my new friend who is a Syrian. It's right Syrian are good people, thanks. The pictures were helpful. This will help me with my presentation on Syria. Great article, need some analytical analysis, but yes, i used some of this article in my report. Thank you for that question hyati I want to ask that also if the muslim syrian guy is allowed to marry a roman catholic filipina..
Thank you so much for this valuable information! This helped me so much in learning about the Syrian culture. Thanks so much i needed all of this for a report: Is the information on this page protected by copywrite laws or can I use these facts for a culture awareness research paper. Thanks it really helped me on my social studies but how did the Syrian government start. Thank you so much!!!
I desperately needed this info for a report. I wish I had known about this sooner. There is everything I need here. It gave me a lot of ideas and facts about Syria.
Now I know better! Thanks for some info about syria. Being a folklorist avid proverb culture, I came across several meaningful proverbs and popular sayings from Syria. They very well reflects the culture of the nation and runs in parallel with the popular sayings from other parts of the world. Some of the proverbs from Syria are He who searches for pearls should not sleep. Penny piled on penny will make a heap.
If your pocket gets empty, your faults will be many. Prosperity glitters and adversity shrivels. Every raisin contains a pip. Thank you, I wanted to gain understanding of the cultural differences so if any of the refugees are located in my community I can give them a warm welcome with having prior knowledge. I think this is crucial for these people who have suffered and sacrificed so much. The info really helped. I didn't have to do much research after this. Keep up the good work. I really need that for my report. Email me if got an answer. Thank you so much.
I am Syrian and wanting to extend my knowledge and understanding or the culture. Thanks for the information and description. I did my project and I hope I will pass. One thing more that I will put as question;concerning: The showing of great respect or reverence to someone: Thanks for these important informations. I am actually from this country but there are many things I have never been heard before. The Arabs who stay clean and close to their beliefs are highly respected and honored in the whole Middle East.
That is the way it is supposed to be—everyone working towards honor and respect for themselves and their family. Those who do not follow the norm of how singles are supposed to act lose their status quickly, and they and their family are looked down upon. But all in all, God is the true judge at the last day. For more reading on this and related topics, visit the following links: You are commenting using your WordPress.
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Women are in fact allowed to file for divorce except it is a long drawn out process and she must get consent from her husband. There are some circumstances in which the woman can apply for a divorce through the judicial system. In order to do this, she must prove that her husband has abused her or neglected his other duties as a husband.
If a man wants to divorce a woman, all he has to do is go to court and orally demand a divorce three times, then the court will order him a divorce. The early schooling in Syria starts at six years old and ends at the age of eighteen. In Syrian universities, women and men attend the same classes. Between and the late s, the female population in schools dramatically increased. This increase included the early school years, along with the upper level schools such as universities. Although the number of women has increased, there are still ninety five women to every one hundred men.
Although many women start going to school, the dropout rate for women is much higher than for men. The literacy rate for women is The rate of females over 25 with secondary education is In , women in Syria were first allowed to vote and received universal suffrage in By , women held four out of the seats. The current president of Syria is a male. There are also two vice presidents including female vice president Najah al-Attar since , a prime minister and a cabinet.
President Assad's political and media adviser is Bouthaina Shaaban. Shaaban served as the first Minister of Expatriates for the Syrian Arab Republic , between and ,  and she has been described as the Syrian government's face to the outside world. In the Syrian government passed a law requiring factories and public institutions to provide on-site childcare.
However, women's involvement in the workforce is low; according to World Bank , as of , women made up Women are not conscripted in the military, but may serve voluntarily. The female militias of Syria are trained to fight for the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad. A video was found dating back to the s with female soldiers showing their pride and protectiveness toward Assad's father.
This has proved crucial in distributing humanitarian aid throughout Syria. Between and , the average life expectancy at birth for women in Syria is Honor killings take place in Syria in situations where women are deemed to have brought shame to the family, affecting the family's 'reputation' in the community. Some estimates suggest that more than honor killings occur every year in Syria. The conflict in Syria has led to an increase in child marriages.. The harsh living conditions, the insecurity, and the fear of rape, have led families to force their daughters into early marriages.
Regular abuse battering at least once weekly was found in 3. The prevalence of physical abuse amongst country residents was