Ang Abakada ay ang isinakatutubong Alpabetong Latino ng mga wika ng Pilipinas. Ang abakada ay naging alpabeto ng wikang Tagalog at ng Wikang.
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Rizal, a Tagalog, spoke many languages, and was a philologist, interested in the origins and relationships of languages.ipowijegoq.gq/map8.php
He was especially concerned about orthography or the system for writing out words. He was the first to propose a letter alphabet for Tagalog, which became the basis for the Filipino abakada several decades later. The constitution of the Malolos Republic declared Spanish as the official language of the new nation. The Malolos Republic was short-lived, with the Americans annexing the Philippines and attempting, initially, to propagate English through the educational system.
But as early as , a Monroe Survey Commission noted that with many Filipinos dropping out of school early, the use of English in the Philippines would remain limited. If the Americans did not push for English as a national language for the Philippines, Filipinos fighting for the restoration of independence did advocate for a national language.
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Commissioner Almario gave me the KWF booklet during commemoration rites for Quezon, who is frequently acknowledged as the father of Filipino because he issued the Executive Order declaring Tagalog the basis for a national language. But the booklet from KWF shows our national language had many fathers, and I meant that in a good way. Delegate Jose should be remembered more for that first bold move at the Constitutional Convention, which resulted in discussions on what could be the national language.
The KWF booklet refutes the myth that Quezon intervened to push for Tagalog as the national language by pointing out that the bill to create a National Language Institute was introduced by Norberto Romualdez, a Waray who had been actively promoting Waray literature. The first board of this Institute was headed by another Waray, Jaime C. Commonwealth Act , passed in June , proclaimed the national language as the official language of the Philippines, to start July 4, , the date set for regaining our independence.
- Evolution of the Filipino alphabet.
- Abakada alphabet?
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I spent P, on Grab. Street unrest heightens as Aquino lambasts critics. Duterte wants to talk with Misuari, others opposed to BOL. Bauhaus design turns as disputes over its legacy churn. Pre-colonial to early colonial period: From the Doctrina Christiana. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Early in the pre-colonial period, the ancient peoples of the Philippines did not have any writing system, and so they relied on oral tradition in recording folklore and folk history.
Sometime in the 13 th century, writing systems derived from the Indian-influenced cultures of Indonesia and Malaysia came to the islands, leading to the emergence of native writing systems called baybayin, primarily used by certain inhabitants of Luzon and the Visayas. Baybayin is an alpha-syllabic script, meaning certain characters in baybayin can stand for either a single consonant or vowel, while some characters stand for an entire syllable.
The basics of baybayin script as used by Tagalogs, according to Fr.
In the Tagalog version of baybayin, syllabic characters in themselves consist of a consonant followed by the vowel A i. In order to change the vowel of the syllable, a mark — called a kudlit — is added. The extent to which early Filipinos were literate in the native script varied from region to region over the span of the 16 th to early 17 th centuries. The natives were amazed when he wrote down some of their words and repeated it to them.
Abakada Ina () - IMDb
On the other hand, in the 's, Morga stated that the natives of Luzon and its surrounding Islands wrote excellently in the native script and that there were only very few who did not write it well. A copy of the Doctrina Christiana. Tagalog baybayin words occupy the upper left page while below it is the "Hail Mary" prayer in Spanish followed by its Tagalog translation, both in the Latin alphabet.
Photo from Wikimedia Commons. With colonization under Spain came the Latin alphabet and the decline and eventual disuse of baybayin. Spanish missionaries, who served as the first teachers in the islands, taught converted Filipinos Catholicism, the Latin alphabet, and the Spanish language. An evidence of this was the Doctrina Christiana, which was published in Tagalog and Spanish. The book outlines the basic beliefs of Christianity and Christian prayers in the Spanish using the Latin alphabet first, then translated into Tagalog in both baybayin and in the Latin alphabet.
The Doctrina does not begin with prayers but with a short instruction in the Latin alphabet, a syllabary, and its counterparts in the Tagalog baybayin script. The alphabet, as it appears in the Doctrina, consist of the following:.
Beginning in the 17 th Century, colonized Filipinos followed the Spanish alphabet and its developments. Eventually, the number of letters in the alphabet used In the islands, called the abecedario , reached 32 letters:.
The end of Spanish rule and the arrival of the American style public education in the Philippines introduced Filipinos to the English language and to its letter alphabet. Despite this, the abecedario remained in use by Philippine languages, as many words still used Spanish letters. However, the use of abecedario was threatened by both the English-based educational and Philippine nationalism.
In , following the establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth, the government ordered for the adoption of a national language based on Tagalog, and for the preparation of a dictionary and a grammar book for the national language. In , Lope K. Apart from rules on grammar, it contained the alphabet for the national language — the abakada , named after its first 3 letters. Following the advice of past scholars, Santos retained only one letter to represent a significant sound in the Tagalog language —for example, since C, Q, and K often made the same sound in Tagalog, only one should be retained.
The resulting product of this logic reduced the 32 letter abecedario into 20 letters. Furthermore, the letters were to be read in an abakada manner as opposed to the English or Spanish pronunciaton of the letters. In that period, questions were raised about the validity of Tagalog as basis of the national language, as majority of Filipinos spoke other native Philippine languages, causing a debate in the definition of the national language.